Artisanal and small scale mining
ASM is a collective term embracing both small scale and artisanal mining. It covers formal or informal mining which is characterised by low capital intensity and high labour intensity and relatively simple methods for exploration, extraction and processing. ASM can involve men and women working on an individual basis as well as those working in family groups, in partnerships or as members of co-operatives or other types of association. This does not include activities which are criminal, such as trespassing or armed incursions into active mining areas to steal mined or processed materials, or organised schemes involving employees to steal refined or processed material.